NJSR | ABU ZARIA

SURVEY OF STRIGA INFESTATION IN SOME FARMING COMMUNITIES IN DUTSIN-MA, KATSINA STATE


MUHAMMAD, A.1*, JARI, S.1, MAHMOUD, B.A.2 AND USMAN, A.2

1Department of Crop Production and Protection, Federal University Dutsin-ma, Nigeria 2Federal College of Horticulture Dadin-Kowa, Gombe, Nigeria

Abstract:

Striga parasitism has assumed a devastating dimension in Katsina State. Striga affects both cereal and legume crops. In 2013 cropping season, many farms were lost to both Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth and Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke in Dutsina-ma Local Government Area (LGA). This observation necessitated the conduct of this survey during 2013 cropping season. The survey was conducted in some selected villages in Dutsin-ma LGA of Katsina State where Striga was a threat to food production. The results revealed that Striga was endemic in 95 % of the surveyed areas with more devastation on legumes (58.9 %) especially in the much drier areas of Sanawa and Shema towns. About 31.7 % of the farmers possess formal education while the majority (68.3 %) attended Kur’anic education (non-formal education). The farm holding is highly fragmented with 73.3 % of respondents having 0.1-2 hectares. The result also revealed that only 10 % of the farmers were aware of improved control method (which is resistant varieties) but do not to have access to it. It was estimated that yield losses of up to 75 % can be attributed to Striga parasitism in the Local Government area. The study revealed that the major bottleneck to adopting Striga control methods was lack of awareness due to poor extension activities by the extension agents. The study therefore recommends more research should be carried out in order to assist farmers on best way to reduce the menace caused due to this parasite.

Key words: Survey, Striga, infestation, parasite, farming communities

*Correspondence: amuhammad1@fudutsinma.edu.ng

How to cite: Muhammad et al. 2017; Striga infestation in farming communities; Nigerian Journal of Scientific Research, 16(4): 2017; July - August; njsr.abu.edu.ng

 

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